Japan's varied geographical features divide it into six principal climatic zones. East of the Japanese archipelago are three oceanic trenches. The Sea of Japan separates the Asian continent from the Japanese archipelago. Memorize the geography of Japan through jigsaw puzzles in this educational game focused on enjoyment and good pacing. Hokkaido (北海道) is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture. [16] The 1923 Tokyo earthquake killed over 140,000 people. Shikoku (pronounced shee-kaw-koo) 4. [16] The islands are also affected by typhoons. The total area of Japan is 377,800 sq.km. Amounts range from about six hours per day in the Inland Sea coast and sheltered parts of the Pacific Coast and Kantō Plain to four hours per day on the Sea of Japan coast of Hokkaidō. It is considered a mature island arc. [2], Japan has the third largest geothermal reserves in the world. [24] Many of these plains are along the coast, and their areas have been increased by land reclamation throughout recorded history. Rice has a 100% food self-sufficiency. 5. Currently no underwater city is constructed yet. Japan is a set of islands, so it is completely surrounded by water. Cities have been part of Japan's geography since the early 8th century CE. Japan is a shimaguni, also known as an island country. According to a 2014 study by KOBEC of Kobe University, in a worst-case scenario if there is a VEI-7 eruption of the Aso Caldera and if the volcanic ash is carried by westerly winds, then pyroclastic flows would cover the 7 million population near the Aso Caldera within two hours. Kyushu (九州) is the third largest island of Japan of the five main islands. [85] In regards to agricultural products, the self-sufficiency rate of most items is less than 100% except for rice. The Geography of Japan. You can vist "Travel Destinations in Japan" for the introduction of … Total Points. Geography and Climate of Japan Japan is located in eastern Asia between the Sea of Japan and the North Pacific Ocean. During the advance of the last Ice Age, the world sea level dropped. Thus Tsushima island in the Korea Strait was a land bridge that connected Kyushu and the southern tip of Honshu with the Korean peninsula. If the volcanic ash continuously flows eastward, then the ash fall would make it impossible to live in most parts of Japan (the main islands) because of a paralysis of traffic and lifelines for a limited period until the eruption subsides. The Japanese archipelago has diverse landscapes. Read more. It is located south of Honshu and northeast of Kyushu. [95], Japan has 34 National Parks (国立公園, Kokuritsu Kōen) and 56 Quasi-National Parks (国定公園, Kokutei Kōen) in 2019. For example, the Ocean Spiral by Shimizu Corporation would have a floating dome 500 meters in diameter with hotels, residential and commercial complexes. Approximately 0.7% of the Japanese population lives there. •Did the geography of Japan help their interaction with other cultures (globalization), or did their geography make their interaction more local? Japan is a country in East Asia located east of the Korean peninsula, and south of Sakhalin and Far Eastern Russia. Created by. Japan’s geography has greatly influenced their culture and economy. Since the Kikai Caldera is submerged, it is unclear how much damage the hot ash clouds would cause if much volcanic ash stays below the ocean surface. Add to New Playlist. [45] Additionally, subduction zones develop belts of deformation[46] The subduction zones on the east side of the Japanese archipelago cause frequent low intensity earth tremors. By 1700, Edo (present-day Tokyo) had an estimated population of more than 1 million people, making it possibly the world's largest city. The Ocean Spiral was co-developed with JAMSTEC and Tokyo University.[123][124]. Nuclear power is a major domestic source of energy and produced 9.2 percent of Japan's electricity, as of 2011[update], down from 24.9 percent the previous year. Geography of Japan : official name, capital, main cities in Japan, area (377,970.00 km²), climate (Climate in Japan can vary noticeably from one island to another. Each region contains several prefectures, except the Hokkaido region, which comprises only Hokkaido Prefecture. [24] Annual precipitation averages between 1,000 and 2,500 mm (40 and 100 in) except for the areas such as Kii Peninsula and Yakushima Island which is Japan's wettest place[104] with the annual precipitation being one of the world's highest at 4,000 to 10,000 mm.[105]. Being an island, fish was very important. [21], The Japanese archipelago was difficult to reach since before ancient history. View Gallery 1 Photos 1 1 . [24] The Pacific coastline south of Tokyo is characterized by long, narrow, gradually shallowing inlets produced by sedimentation, which has created many natural harbors. [138], Mount Fuji is a dormant stratovolcano that last erupted on 16 December 1707 till about 1 January 1708. [47], The Japan Median Tectonic Line (MTL) is Japan's longest fault system. East of the undersea mountain ranges are three oceanic trenches: the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench (max depth 10,542 m (34,587 ft)), Japan Trench (max depth 10,375 m (34,039 ft)) and Izu-Ogasawara Trench (max depth 9,810 m (32,190 ft)). Japan shares maritime (water) borders with China, North Korea, South Korea, Philippines, Northern Mariana Islands, and Russia. [1] It is the 4th largest island country in the world and the largest island country in East Asia. Okinawa Island (四国) is the smallest and most southwestern of the five main islands, 1,206.98 km2 (466.02 sq mi). Late 20th and early 21st century projects include artificial islands such as Chubu Centrair International Airport in Ise Bay, Kansai International Airport in the middle of Osaka Bay, Yokohama Hakkeijima Sea Paradise and Wakayama Marina City. The Senkaku Islands are claimed by Japan but disputed by China. [98] Hokkaido has 22% of Japan's forestland with coniferous trees (Sakhalin fir and Sakhalin spruce) and broad-leaved trees (Japanese oak, birch and Painted maple). [110][111] The area is 13,500 km2 (5,200 sq mi)[112] and has a population density of 2,642 square kilometres (1,020 sq mi). Japan is an island country consisting of four major and numerous smaller islands. Japan is an archipelago, or string of islands, on the eastern edge of Asia. Unlike the rainy season in mainland Japan, it rains neither everyday nor all day long during the rainy season in Okinawa. The Osaka Plain is connected with Kyoto and Nara. The largest freshwater lake is Lake Biwa 670.3 km2 (258.8 sq mi), northeast of Kyoto in Shiga Prefecture. Hokkaido (pronounced hawk-kahy-daw) 2. 4.3. However an unofficial −41.5 °C was taken in Bifuka on 27 January 1931. [62], During the 2013 eruption southeast of Nishinoshima, a new unnamed volcanic island emerged from the sea. [37] In June 2017, plans to move the Tsukiji fish market were restarted[38] but delayed in July to the autumn of 2018. [9][113] As of 2016[update], Kyushu has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 km2 (14,202 sq mi). Professor Yoshiyuki Tatsumi, head of KOBEC told the Mainichi Shimbun “the probability of a gigantic caldera eruption hitting the Japanese archipelago is 1 percent in the next 100 years” with a death toll of many 10s of millions of people and wildlife. Fuji and other volcanoes. They occasionally reach above the sea surface as islands. It is used to build man-made islands in harbors and embankments in inland areas. Free Templates It increases in area due to volcanic eruptions such as Nishinoshima (西之島), the natural expansion of the islands, and land reclamation. [70], During the Pleistocene (2.58 million years BCE) glacial cycles, the Japanese islands may have occasionally been connected to the Eurasian Continent via the Korea Strait and the Korean Peninsula or Sakhalin. The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake was the largest ever recorded in Japan and is the world's 4th largest earthquake to strike since 1900, according to the U.S. Geological Service. [24] The majority of land reclamation projects occurred after World War II during the Japanese economic miracle. There are three major basins: the Yamato Basin in the southeast, the Japan Basin in the north and the Tsushima Basin in the southwest. [11], The terrain is mostly rugged and mountainous with 66% forest. This means that they would be able to sell lots of fish and also do a lot of sea trading. Match. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Geography of Japan. Due to Japan's location only 15-17% of its land can be used for farming, as Japan was cut off from trade with the rest of the world, the people had to rely on fishing for food. Japan images. Without the Japanese archipelago it would just be the Pacific Ocean. Still, until well into the 20th century most Japanese lived in rural areas. The
of Japan
Mr. The geographical location of the Japanese archipelago has defined the Sea of Japan for millions of years. [24] The highest point in the country is Mount Fuji (Fujisan, also erroneously called Fujiyama), a volcano dormant since 1707 that rises to 3,776 m (12,388 ft) above sea level in Shizuoka Prefecture. They are separated from the mainland by the Sea of Japan, which historically served as a protective barrier. Everyone. [1] Japan has the 6th longest coastline in the world (29,751 km (18,486 mi)). [90] In 2010, Japan's total fisheries production was 4,762,469 fish. Because of the mountains, different regions of Japan formed different cultures. Japan ranks 5th with sea volume of 2,000–3,000 meters, 4th with 3,000–4,000 meters, 3rd with 4,000–5,000 meters and 1st with volume of 5,000 to over 6,000 meters. The insular geography is a major factor for the isolationist, semi-open and expansionist periods of Japanese history. The most protective measure is to stop the hot ash clouds from spreading and devastating areas near the eruption so that people don't need to evacuate. The Sea of Japan was considered to be a frozen inner lake because of the lack of the warm Tsushima Current. The southern tip of Kyushu and the Ryukyu islands are located on the, In the Sea of Japan, the northwest seasonal wind in winter gives heavy snowfall, which south of. Four large eruptions between 300,000 and 90,000 years ago. Japan has a longstanding claim of the Southern Kuril Islands (Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan, and the Habomai Islands). In 1915, the New Three Views of Japan were selected with a national election by the Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha (株式会社実業之日本社). By 1977, the amount of land reclaimed totaled 172.03 square kilometres (66.42 sq mi).[35]. [44] The Japan Basin has an oceanic crust and it is the deepest part of the sea, whereas the Tsushima Basin is the shallowest with depths below 2,300 m (7,500 ft). There was still several kilometers of sea to the west of the Ryukyu islands, and most of the Sea of Japan was open sea with a mean depth of 1,752 m (5,748 ft). Japan, island country lying off the east coast of Asia. [69] A report by the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, published in Science on 2 December 2011, concluded that the seabed in the area between the epicenter and the Japan Trench moved 50 metres (160 ft) east-southeast and rose about 7 metres (23 ft) as a result of the quake. World Facts Index > Japan > Geography Map of Japan The mountainous islands of the Japanese Archipelago form a crescent off the eastern coast of Asia. [2] Japan is scarce in critical natural resources and has long been heavily dependent on imported energy and raw materials. The climate in most of the major cities, including Tokyo, is temperate to subtropic and consists of four seasons. Nominated. Approximately 10.3 typhoons approach within the 300 kilometer range near the coast of Japan. Japan, located off the East coast of Asia, is an archipelago nation comprised of four main islands, from North to South: Hokkaido, Honshu (the largest and most populous), Kyushu, Shikoku, and over 3500 smaller islands. Record lows for any month were taken as recent as 1984. [135] More recent major quakes are the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, a 9.1-magnitude[136] quake which hit Japan on March 11, 2011. There are also nearly 4,000 smaller islands, too! Japan's Geography (1) A country's geography influences the development of its society and culture in many ways. [10] 81% of the population lives on Honshu, 10% on Kyushu, 4.2% on Hokkaido, 3% on Shikoku, 1.1% in Okinawa Prefecture and 0.7% on other Japanese islands such as the Nanpō Islands. Thus historically Kyushu was the gateway between Asia and Japan. [93] Shinzo Abe’s government seeks to restart the nuclear power plants that meet strict new safety standards and is emphasizing nuclear energy's importance as a base-load electricity source. Learn more. [142] The eruption is rated a 5 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index.[143]. During the 20th century several new volcanoes emerged, including Shōwa-shinzan on Hokkaido and Myōjin-shō off the Bayonnaise Rocks in the Pacific. Game Points. The second largest plain is the Nōbi Plain 1,800 km2 (690 sq mi) with the third-most-populous urban area Nagoya. There is a 1% chance of a giant caldera eruption in the Japanese archipelago within the next 100 years. Rate: Nominate. It is the remains of the ancient eruption of a colossal volcano. [7] For example, the northern part of Hokkaido has a taiga biome. Japan also has special search and rescue units to save people in distress.[152]. Today 's Points. The underwater ash would be swept away by ocean currents. Kyoto and Nara are the ancient capitals and cultural heart of Japan. Japan has 108 active volcanoes (10% of the world's active volcanoes) because of active plate tectonics in the Ring of Fire. [24] They are separated from the continent by the Sea of Japan, which serves as a protective barrier. The other 50% has a depth of 4,000 m (13,000 ft) to over 6,000 m (20,000 ft). What is your preferred length for a travel report video on YouTube? The regions are not official administrative units, but have been traditionally used as the regional division of Japan in a number of contexts. It is the 7th largest island in the world. It is estimated that there are approximately 40 trillion cubic feet of methane clathrate in the eastern Nankai Trough of Japan. Niigata Prefecture to the Sea of Japan. ", "World review of fisheries and aquaculture", "離島とは(島の基礎知識) (what is a remote island? [92] Following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami disaster in 2011, the nuclear reactors were shut down. This app only displays Japanese language. The only other developed nations with such a high forest cover percentage are Finland and Sweden.[12]. 19% has a depth of 0 to 1,000 m (3,300 ft). Japan”s nearest mainland neighbors are the Siberian region of Russia in the north, and Korea and China farther south. [17] Japan is surrounded by seas. 4:00. Japan's northernmost islands are located on a similar geographical latitude as Milan or Portland, while her southernmost islands are on a similar latitude as the Bahamas. [29] Lake Biwa is an ancient lake and estimated to be the 13th oldest lake in the world dating to at least 4 million years ago. It is the largest island country in East Asia and 4th largest island country in the world.[10]. [68] On 6 April, the Japanese coast guard said that the earthquake shifted the seabed near the epicenter 24 metres (79 ft) and elevated the seabed off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture by 3 metres (9.8 ft). Comparatively, most of the Yellow Sea (Yellow Plane) had a semi-arid climate (dry steppe), because it was relatively shallow with a mean depth of 44 m (144 ft). Mapping Japan. [128] The Kuril Islands historically belong to Japan. As Mount Fuji and the coastal Japanese Alps provide a rain shadow, Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures receive the least precipitation in Honshu, though it still exceeds 900 millimetres (35 in) annually. [87], In 2018, 250 km (160 mi) south of Minami-Tori-shima at 5,700 m (18,700 ft) deep, approximately 16 million tons of rare-earth minerals were discovered by JAMSTEC in collaboration with Waseda University and the University of Tokyo. [11] The Exclusive Economic Zone stretches from the baseline out to 200 nautical miles (370 km) from its coast. Geography of Japan. Actions. Thus it has not naturally filled with sediment. [117] It encompasses two thirds of the Ryukyu Islands over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) long. 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